Wire fraud is on the rise everywhere and the Federal Reserve is being asked to take a more proactive role in preventing it, especially as it relates to real estate transactions. Two key points are:
1. All parties involved in the real estate transaction need to help educate customers on the dangers of wire fraud and on the ways to protect data and funds. For example, by encouraging consumers to call their known reputable source at a verified number to verify instructions before transmitting funds.
2. Financial institutions on the receiving end should match not only the account number but also the payee’s name when there is a wire transfer. Oftentimes fraudulent wire instructions will say the transfer is to be sent to the attorney’s trust account, for example, but instead it goes to the criminal’s personal account as beneficiary.
If you intend to wire funds to us and suspect anything may be wrong with the instructions, please phone us to verify. If we have sent you instructions and you suddenly receive an email asking you to wire to a different account, phone us to verify. We have only (1) IOLTA account, so we will never change our instructions and ask you to wire to a different account.
1. An offer is accepted by the seller and a contract is signed by both parties, marking the effective date of the contract.
2. At the same time , a deposit is paid to an attorney, broker or escrow agent. The deposit does not become the property of the seller until the closing takes place.
3. The buyer reviews and signs off on any disclosures. These disclosures vary based on property type, but often include things like known flaws with the property, prior improvements or repairs, radon gas and lead paint disclosures.
4. The buyer may elect to perform inspections of the property as agreed upon in the contract and these inspections must be completed by a certain date, which is usually within 10-15 days. Based on the outcome of inspections, buyers have a certain number of days to provide the seller with a report revealing any defects and the buyer may elect to ask the seller for repair work, closing cost credits or a reduction in the sale price due to flaws that were uncovered.
For those borrowing to purchase a home, the mortgage process can be the most stressful part of the transaction. It’s best to start as early as possible and be ready to produce lots of documentation.
The detailed steps that make up closing are:
1. A title search is performed to determine if there are any liens or assessments on the title. Provided that the title is clear, the closing proceeds as planned.
2. A buyer’s attorney or title company begins preparing the paperwork to convey title to the property and schedule the date for closing.
3. A final cash figure for what a buyer needs to bring to the closing in the form of a cashier’s check is calculated. This is based not only on a mortgagees closing costs, but also the proration of property taxes and utilities..
4. A final walk through may be performed the day of or before closing to verify the property is in the same condition it was in when the process began.
5. At the closing table the buyer and seller sign all closing documents. At the conclusion of the closing the representative from the title company or your attorney will record the deed and any other documents with the appropriate registry of deeds.
After all of the documents have been signed and payments exchanged, buyers generally take possession of the keys unless a separate agreement has been reached to allow the seller stay in the property for a period after closing.
- Only the Owner Policy protects the property owner’s interest – the Loan Policy does not;
- The Owner Policy insures the entire value of the property;
- The Owner Policy is a one-time premium and the policy remains in effect and covers the insured for as long as they own the property;
- Your coverage continues even AFTER conveying title by Warranty Deed in the event the new owner files a claim;
- Coverage includes protection for “undetectable” defects such as forgery or fraud;
- An Expanded Owner Policy includes survey coverage without a survey and covers you for things like building permits or zoning issues.
The Owners Policy of Title Insurance can be one of the most important purchases that you make for your new home. Your lender will require you to purchase a Lenders Policy of Title Insurance to cover them. For a minimal amount more, you can protect your interest as well.
Some states require that all municipalities value property at the same assessment-to-market value ratio. Equalization rates are used to ensure that property taxes are assessed equally and in proportion to fair market value across all municipalities.
Equalization seeks to ensure that a taxpayer in one community, whose property has a fair market value of $100,000 will pay the same taxes as a property with a fair market value of $100,000 located in another town, regardless of how those two properties are assessed.
What You Should Know About the Home Closing Process: An Interview with Kirk Trombley of Trombley & Kfoury
Tell us a little bit about your experience, firm’s history and the areas of law that you practice.
We practice in areas that include general business, real estate, employment law and litigation. We have a significant workers’ compensation defense practice as well.
Our legal team lives and raises families in NH, and believe in supporting local businesses. Our mission is to assist and protect NH residents and business owners in their legal endeavors. We can help you in achieving security for your dreams and business goals, and planning for your future success.
Check out my interview, What You Should Know About the Home Closing Process on New Hampshire Homes, one of the top sites for New Hampshire real estate, including Londonderry, NH real estate. New Hampshire Homes also services New York homes for sale and Pennsylvania real estate.
The July 2013 CLM Workers’ Compensation mini seminar will be held in Chicago this year. Kirk Trombley will chair a panel presentation addressing the use of opioid medication in workers’ compensation pain management programs. Kirk will be joined on the Panel by a doctor and claims specialist. Stay tuned for more.